UI and UX design are two of the most common design jobs you’ll come across in the world of product design. To get a better understanding of UX vs UI design and what elements set them apart, this article will aim to unpack a few questions: How does the role of a UX designer differ from a UI designer? Where do UI and UX design overlap? How do UX and UI design both contribute to the overall success of a digital product?
Keep reading to unpack the difference between UX and UI design and discover which career path is best suited for you.
“If UX is a brain of a product, then UI is its soul.” — Anton Mikhaltsov, Design Director @Awsmd
What is UX Design?
UX design (also known as user experience design) focuses on the experience of users when interacting with a product. Much of the work of a user experience designer happens in the early stages of creating a new product, focusing on figuring out what users want and need.
While UX designers care about the way a product looks, it’s in relation to how the visual design of the product impacts the user’s experience.
User experience designers make design decisions based on the way the product will function for users and the emotions or behaviors the visuals will evoke in the person using it.
“UX design is a constant exercise in empathy and understanding. As a designer at Evernote, I’m always trying to put myself in our user’s shoes to get at what they’re thinking and feeling at important moments during their experience with our product.” — Natasha Noltimier, Design @Evernote
Art by Ryan Johnson
What is UI Design?
UI design (also known as user interface design) focuses on the way a product looks and functions. UI designers work on the visual design of a product, often working from the wireframes or mockups a UX designer has provided.
While user interface designers are primarily responsible for the look of a product, they don’t ignore user experience. Many common design patterns are based on creating effective user experiences. These patterns are meant to engage users in particular ways, to make interactions more intuitive, and to generally make digital products easier to use.
So even if a UI designer isn’t consciously thinking about user experience, if they’re employing many established design patterns, they’re creating good user experiences.
“UI design is more than just pretty visuals and more than just capability. It’s about combining exceptional strategy and compelling visual cue points to solve problems. It’s about making the complex simple through pixels, and focusing solely on user needs.” — Corey Haggard, Head of Design @Mossio
Learn UI Design and Figma in 4 weeks on DribbbleEnroll today
UX vs UI Design: What's the Difference?
UI design is the process of designing the look and feel of a product, whereas UX design is the process of designing how users interact with a product.
UX and UI designers often work together to design products that are both visually appealing and user-friendly.
UX and UI designers work together to design products that are both visually appealing and user-friendly.
Solutions vs. Aesthetics
- UX designers focus on solutions to design problems that fit the needs of users. This requires gaining in-depth knowledge of what those user needs are before a user experience designer embarks on creating a design solution.
- UI designers are more focused on the aesthetics of the product. While user interface designers also aim to solve design problems through the way a product looks and how the interface is set up to function, they don’t necessarily look at it through the same lens of user needs.
Individual Parts vs. User Flow
- UI designers focus on the individual parts of a digital product. They’re looking at individual pages, such as a product page or checkout page, without necessarily putting my attention on the way those pages flow together from anything other than a visual perspective.
- UX designers put much more attention into the way people move through the overall product. They’re looking for bottlenecks or pages where a user might get confused or abandon the product. User experience designers look for consistency in the entire experience from the time a person first visits the product until they complete the desired actions (and often what happens after that, as well).
Art by Ally Jaye Reeves
✏️ UX Designer Responsibilities
UX designers often do the majority of their work at the beginning of the product design process. Typical responsibilities of UX designers include:
- Conducting UX research to understand what a typical user wants or needs from the type of digital product they’re creating.
- Creating a design strategy for the product, including how to best meet user needs, user journey maps, and product requirements.
- Analyzing interactions to see how users are likely to actually use the product in the real world, rather than just in “best-case” scenarios.
- Creating wireframes and prototypes to guide the design of the actual user interface, taking into account user needs and the flow of the overall product.
- Making sure that user needs are addressed throughout the design process and conducting user testing as the design is refined.
While UX designers do much of their work at the beginning of a project, it’s important for them to stay involved throughout the entire product design process to ensure the best user experience from the finished product.
🎨 UI Designer Responsibilities
UI designers often start the bulk of their work after the wireframes and prototypes are created by a UX designer. If you’re a user interface designer, your main responsibilities on a digital product will generally include:
- Creating the finished designs based on the wireframes and prototypes. This includes a lot of attention to detail to make sure the finished product has a consistent visual appearance and functionality across all pages and sections, as well as making sure it meets the needs outlined by the UX designer.
- Collaborating with UX designers, developers, and other members of the product team to make sure that user needs are met and that the design functions the way it’s intended. They may also be involved in problem-solving if a particular function isn’t feasible from an engineering perspective.
- Analyzing competing products and how their visual style impacts the way the product is used and perceived by users. This is also a chance for the designer to figure out better ways to do things than what the competition has done.
- Creating a responsive design that will look good regardless of screen size.
While UI designers often start the main part of their work after the UX designer has provided them with wireframes and prototypes, they should still be involved in the process prior to that, to address any potential design issues as early as possible.
UX and UI Design Work Together
People often ask, which is better: UI or UX? The truth is, UI and UX design are both vital parts of the digital product design process. The two roles are complementary and are sometimes performed by the same designer, especially on smaller design teams—which is why you'll often see companies hiring for 'UI/UX Designer' roles.
Without data that leads to understanding what a user needs from a product, a UI designer can only hope to create a visually appealing design, but not necessarily one that people want to use.
On the other hand, a UX designer who focuses solely on user needs without any concern for the aesthetics of the product will create a product that may be less appealing than competitors who create a usable and attractive product.
- Learn how to make a UI/UX portfolio from scratch.
UI and UX designer roles are complementary and are sometimes performed by the same designer, especially on smaller design teams.
Design Director at Brandbox Mariano Sanchez explains, “UI and UX play a fundamental role in our business. When we start designing the UI of a product, we take into account everything that we’ve learned during the UX design process, but also adapt the style to the brand identity of the client. A good user interface is an instrument to support a good user experience.”
Launch your UI/UX Career
Regardless of which career path you choose to follow, learning the roles and basic skills for both UX and UI can lead to more career success and opportunities. If you're eager to launch your UI/UX career, compare the best UI UX courses online based on your unique learning goals to get started.
Launch your UI/UX career 100% online with Dribbble.Learn more now
You might also like
How to create a UI/UX design portfolio that gets you hired