Nowruz¬†(Persian:¬†ŔÜŔąōĪŔąō≤,¬†pronounced¬†[nowňą…ĺuňźz];¬†lit.‚ÄČ'new day') is the Persian-language term for the day of the¬†Iranian New Year,¬†also known as the¬†Persian New Year.¬†It begins on the¬†spring equinox¬†and marks the beginning of¬†Farvardin, the first month of the¬†Solar Hijri calendar¬†(an¬†Iranian calendar¬†used officially in¬†Iran¬†and¬†Afghanistan). The day is celebrated worldwide by various ethnolinguistic groups and falls on or around the date of 21 March on the¬†Gregorian calendar.

The day of Nowruz has its origins in the¬†Iranian religion¬†of¬†Zoroastrianism¬†and is thus rooted in the traditions of the¬†Iranian peoples; however, it has been celebrated by diverse communities for over 3,000 years in¬†Western Asia,¬†Central Asia, the¬†Caucasus, the¬†Black Sea Basin, the¬†Balkans, and¬†South Asia.¬†Presently, while it is largely a¬†secular¬†holiday for most celebrants and enjoyed by people of several different faiths and backgrounds, Nowruz remains a holy day for Zoroastrians,Bah√° ľ√≠s, and some¬†Muslim¬†communities.

As the spring equinox, Nowruz marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. The moment at which the Sun crosses the celestial equator and equalizes night and day is calculated exactly every year, and families traditionally gather together to observe the rituals.

While Nowruz has been celebrated since the reform of the Iranian calendar in the 11th century CE to mark the new year, the United Nations officially recognized the "International Day of Nowruz" with the adoption of Resolution 64/253 by the United Nations General Assembly in February 2010.

From: Wikipedia

Posted on Mar 20, 2022

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